Hey folks. I'm still very new to brewing having only brewed two extract batches so far. The first batch turned out pretty darn tasty and the second is just into the fermenter. The first brew day was a little stressful and there were plenty of little mistakes, but none bad enough to ruin anything. I spent a lot of time going over all of the missteps and figuring out what I need to do differently. I was feeling very comfortable on my second brew day and everything went smoothly as far as the process went. However, as the title indicates, I didn't hit my OG number of 1.054. I came in around 1.034 instead. I'll give a quick rundown of the brew and maybe someone can pick out where I went wrong. Here's a link to the recipe but I'll give a quick sketch here too. (Weird that it won't let me insert a link to the recipe) It's called "Sierra Nevada Clone w/ Centennial" 5 lbs LME Pale 2 lbs DME Extra light (late addition) 1 lb American crystal 60L 1 lb Pale Ale malt (got a lb by accident so I decided to throw it in) Cascade hops at 60, 30, 15, and zero minutes Centennial hops at 15, and zero minutes safale - 05 yeast I started by steeping the grains around 155 degrees for about 25 mins. I read recommendations to steep grains in about 2 qts per gallon but that wasn't enough to cover the grain in the bag so I ended up steeping in about 2 gallons of water (4 qts per lb of grain). After steeping I added another 2 gallons to get to about 4 gallons and then added the 5 lbs of LME. I started the boil at 4 gallons and ended around 3.5. I was expecting a little more loss to evaporation but so it goes. Right before I put the DME in with10 minutes to go, I took a sample and the specific gravity was around 1.056. This messed with me a little because it was right on for my target OG but I still needed to add DME and the extra water to get to 5.5 gallons. I added the 2 lbs of DME and hoped for the best with my final numbers. Sadly, after getting the wort chilled and into the carboy with enough water to get to 5 gallons my gravity was at 1.034. Luckily my extensive nerding out over the last month paid off and I recalled that adding some last-minute DME can bring your OG up. I boiled up a hair over .5 gallon of water and threw in the pound of DME that I had left over. I let it cool and added it to the carboy to bring my OG up the 1.054, finally. My main question is why I missed my OG the first time? I followed the recipe as it was put together here of BF. Any Ideas???