Hi All, I've been all-grain (BIAB) brewing for a couple of years now and have been pretty happy with the results in terms of taste. I use Brewer's Friend to calculate my mash pH before brewing. However, I have always had mash pH come out significantly lower than the expected pH from the software. I'm using Columbus, OH municipal water filtered and treated (1/2 campden tablet) to remove.any remaining chloramines just in case. I am aware that pH strips (even ColorPhast which is what I'm using) are systematically low and need an adjustment, but it still comes out 0.5 or more too low even with a few points of adjustment added in. So, I am considering the purchase of a pH meter. What I want to know is whether anyone really bothers to adjust pH in practice? I've read that you're best off to calculate/estimate beforehand with your recipe, and then adjust going forward if you brew that recipe again. This is mostly because it's difficult in practice to adjust mash pH too much even with adding acid or bases to the mash. I don't frequently brew the same recipe over and over (just a few times will I brew the same thing in any given year), so I don't know that I really need to adjust pH too often. I should add one more thing. I like to keep the brewing process as simple as possible. Over time, I've found that additional gadgets or steps don't just have a dollar cost, but also can make the process too complicated, too bothersome, etc. Too many brewers I've talked to have given up the hobby just because of time, costs, and other complexities and I am actively working against that to brew every month if possible and keep enjoying the hobby. I will use a pH meter if necessary but wanted to know people's thoughts who had more experience with it than me. What are your thoughts? Thanks so much in advance!